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This Guide is part of a training scheme which has been developed within the Erasmus+ Strategic Partnership Arguments Against Aggression – Strategies and Tools against Hate Speech in Face-to-Face Encounters and in Social Media (2018-2020).

Hate speech and aggressive argumentation are an attack on the rights of different ethnic, religious and/or national groups, in clear violation of the principles of equal human dignity and respect for the racial and cultural differences among human groups.

In Arguments Against Aggression, a team from seven European institutions provides tools to help people in public positions to counter aggressive arguments and hate speech in personal encounters and in the social media. Specifically targeted are persons working as civil servants, teachers, youth workers, persons in cultural institutions, or people working in public media.

The following persons have contributed as authors to this Guide:

  • Sonja Bercko Eisenreich, Integra Institute, Velenje / Slovenia (coordinator and chief editor)
  • Pantelis Balaouras, Greek Universities Network / GUnet, Athens / Greece
  • Karin Drda-Kühn, media k GmbH, Bad Mergentheim / Germany
  • Wolfgang Eisenreich, Wissenschaftsinitiative Niederösterreich, Würnitz / Austria
  • Alenka Valjašková, QUALED, Žilina / Slovakia
  • Teresa Vera-Balanza, Universidad de Malaga / Spain
  • Ruben van der Weijden, Hogeschool Utrecht / The Netherlands
  • Ingrid Zimmermann, media k GmbH, Bad Mergentheim / Germany


This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 License

Pictures copyright as indicated at the pictures.

This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.

Project Number: 2018-1-DE02-KA204-005060